5 ways to check if a list is empty in Python
Everyday as a developer or programmer we are faced with different problems and it gets a little too confusing to solve them.
Programming questions can be really hectic and difficult to solve because they require lots of thinking and trials.
You may be in an Hackathon or in a live coding test and you are given a data structure test where you are asked to perform different operations such as loop, conditionals, error handling, and lots more.
I’ll explain how you can quickly check if a python list is empty in this article
List in python
In python a list is made by enclosing elements in square brackets
 and separating them with commas and they are quite are useful for storing multiple elements in a single variable.
Why check if a list is empty in Python?
The iterability of lists is a key feature that most developers employ while working with them.
This makes the list useful for loops specifically because you can iterate across the values in the list.
Additionally useful when working with strings and mathematical operations.
Therefore, it is a good idea to make sure a list is empty before moving further.
All iterables, such as dictionaries, tuples, etc., still hold true to this.
How to check if a list is empty in Python?
Python treats empty lists as False, therefore if a list were supplied as an argument, the
bool() function would return False.
Placing a list within an if statement, utilizing the
len() method, or comparing it to an empty list are additional ways to determine if a list is empty.
Now that that is out of the way, let’s have a look at the different Python techniques that can be used to determine whether a list is empty.
Method 1: Using PEP 8 recommended method
This is a method that allows us to determine whether a list in Python is empty.
Since an empty list is False, the condition is false and hence we are able to identify an empty list.
It is the most simple way of checking if a list is empty.
FirstList = ["Good", "Better", "Best"] SecondList =  if SecondList: print("This list is not empty") else: print("This list is empty")
# This list is empty
Another common method is with the implication of a
a =  if not a: print("This is an empty list")
# This is an empty list
Method 2: Using the
To determine whether a list is empty in this solution, we utilize the
len() function, which returns the length of the input supplied.
ListOne = ["Asia", "Africa", "Europe", "America", "Australia"] ListTwo =  if len(ListTwo): print("list is not empty") else: print("Empty list")
# Empty list
Additionally, you can use the comparison operator with
len() to check the empty list.
def AnotherList(BigList): if len(BigList) == 0: return 0 else: return 1 BigList =  if AnotherList(BigList): print("The list is not empty") else: print("This is an Empty List")
# This is an Empty List
Method 3: Using the
We use the
bool() function to determine if a list is empty, which is similar to the PEP8 approach.
bool() function gives an object’s boolean value, or whether it is true or false.
list1 = ["Football", "Basktball", 1, 2.8, True] list2 =  if len(list2) == 0: print("This list is empty") else: print("This list is not empty")
# This list is empty
To check if the list is not empty, you just change the 0 to 1
list1 = ["Football", "Basktball", 1, 2.8, True] list2 =  if len(list2) == 1: print("This list is empty") else: print("This list is not empty")
# This list is not empty
Method 4: Using the
iter() method returns an iterator for the given argument.
An occurrence that takes place during the execution of a program that obstructs the regular flow of the program’s instructions is referred to as an
A Python script typically raises an exception when it comes into a scenario that it cannot handle.
x =  #the list try: next(iter(x)) # list has elements except StopIteration: print("List is empty")
# List is empty
Method 5: Using the
The earlier techniques that we employed in standard Python don’t work with
If we have a numPy array, using
.size is always the right course of action.
This size verifies the array’s size and returns True or False in accordance.
import numpy def ListExample(ListEx): return(numpy.array(ListEx)) # Driver Code ListEx =  if ListExample(ListEx).size: print("Not Empty") else: print("Empty List")
# Empty list
As you can see, Python has a variety of methods for determining whether a list is empty.
Additionally, using this condition before and then nesting your if or for loops is a good practice as it will help to minimize unintended errors.
It all depends on your preference but the PEP 8 method is highly recommended as it usually pays off in performance.